|The South of France Wine Region
This region constitutes important sub-regions such as Languedoc, Cote de Provence and Cote du Roussillon. The production of Provence wines lies between the borders of the Mediterranean Sea, between La Ciotat and Saint Raphael, and Sanary towards Carnoules, and around Var valley towards Nice. The main cities of this region are on sea border called French Riviera or Cote d'Azur between Nice and Marseille. It is characterized by hot summer and very cool winter which becomes cold with closeness to the sea.
Southern France Map
The 3 main appellations here are Bandol, Bellet and Cote de Provence.
Cote de Provence uses a larger varieties of grapes for wine elaboration. Among the red varieties are Carigan, Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvedre and Sirah. Usually drunk when young, the wines are fruity and straightforward. Clairette and Rolle are among the indigenous varieties of grapes grown here, usually aromatic and deep yellow colour owing to the sunny summer harvest. Rose remains the specialty here with fruity, dry and appealing taste which makes a great aperitif drink.
Languedoc-Rousillion region lies along the Mediterranean Sea shores in-between Rhone Delta and Spain. The climate is Mediterranean with mild winter and hot summer. This region is the largest vine growing area in the world. The main wine grapes use here are:
Red: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Cinsault, Grenache, Merlot, Mourvedre and Syrah. Red wines produced here are mainly labelled as "Vin de Pays".
White: Bourboulenc, Clairette, Chardonnay, Marsanne, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc and Viognier. However, Chardonnay is the most widely used.
Sweet White: d'Alexandrie, Grenache, Muscat Blanc and Muscat Romain.
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